For more than the past 70 years, Indian government and its armed forces are continuously trying to confuse and corrupt the minds of gullible people into believing that the condition of Jammu and Kashmir is not flawed.
The state has been a victim of countless killings of Innocent unarmed Kashmiri men women and children by the Indian Occupational Forces. Rule of law enforcement has totally been demolished by the Indian Rulers. If Some Sensible Historians have a glimpse of the history of Indian Subcontinent, they can never stop there grief on the worst genocide of Kashmiri people by the Indian armed forces.
This worst tragedy of the mankind starts from a darkest black Sunday on 26th October 1947. A day when the state of Jammu & Kashmir, having the major Muslim Majority, criminally acceded to India.
This truth is also to be Kept in memories that on 12 September 1947, Sardar Patel, a prominent political leader of India, wrote a letter to Sardar Baldev Singh, Saying that “if Kashmir does not want to be with India, we will accept it.”
Historians remember that time Indian prime minister Mr. Jawahar Laal Nehru was a Kashmiri Pandit who wanted Kashmir in India, and another Indian political leader Mr. Gandhi planned it to devalue the Two Nation Theory Of Mr. Muhammad Ali Jinnah by getting A State Having Muslim Majority within Indian government.
On the other hand, Maharaja Hari Singh, Ruler of Kashmir was affraid that if Kashmir goes to India then Pandit Nehru will definitely hand over the rule and government to Shaikh Abdullah , Nehru’s closest friend. So Maharaja sent and “Stand Still Agreement” to both Pakistan and India, which was accepted and signed up by Pakistan but India didn’t do this. India called Maharaja to their capital. and there Maharaja Signed The “Instrument Of Accession” with India.
After knowing this unjustified decision, people of Kashmir rejected this and started to fight for their freedom which resulted in first battle between two newly independent countries, Pakistan and India. India itself took the issue to the United Nations. And The United Nations Security Council Resolution 47, adopted on 21 April 1948, concerned the resolution of the Kashmir conflict. After hearing arguments from both India and Pakistan, the Council increased the size of the Commission established by United Nations Security Council Resolution 39 to five members (with representatives of Argentina, Belgium, Colombia, Czechoslovakia and the United States), instructed the Commission to go to the subcontinent and help the governments of India and Pakistan restore peace and order to the region and prepare for a plebiscite to decide the fate of Kashmir.
Secondly, the Resolution recommended a three-step process for the resolution of the dispute. In the first step, Pakistan was asked to withdraw all its nationals from Kashmir. In the second step, India was asked to progressively reduce its forces to the minimum level required for law and order. In the third step, India was asked to appoint a plebiscite administrator nominated by the United Nations who would conduct a free and impartial plebiscite.
The resolution was adopted paragraph by paragraph; no vote on the resolution as a whole was taken.
Both India and Pakistan raised objections to the Resolution. However, they welcomed mediation by the UN Commission. Through its mediation, the Commission amplified and amended the Security Council Resolution, adopting two resolutions of its own, which were accepted by both India and Pakistan. Subsequently, a cease-fire was achieved by the Commission at the beginning of 1949. However, a truce was not achieved due to disagreements over the process of demilitarisation. After considerable efforts, the Commission declared its failure in December 1949.
The Security Council asked its Canadian delegate, General A. G. L. McNaughton, to informally consult India and Pakistan towards a demilitarisation plan. In the course of his discussion, on 22 December 1949, McNaughton proposed that both Pakistani and Indian forces should be reduced to a minimum level, followed by the disbandment of both the Azad forces and the State forces. India proposed two far-reaching amendments, in effect rejecting the McNaughton proposals. The McNaughton proposals represented an important departure from those of the UNCIP resolutions in that they made no distinction between India and Pakistan. India was averse to such an equation.
Despite India’s apparent objection, the Security Council adopted the McNaughton proposals in Resolution 80 and appointed a mediator. The mediation also ended in failure.
In 1972, following the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, India and Pakistan signed the Simla Agreement, agreeing to resolve all their differences through bilateral negotiations. The United States, United Kingdom and most Western governments have since supported this approach.
Now coming to close all the discussion, it is worthy to be remembered that India has continuously humiliating and violating The United Nations Resolution of 21 April 1948, the most historical resolutions passed by The United Nations on 13 August 1948 and 5 January 1949. All the mentioned resolutions give Kashmiri people their right of self determination to decide tha fate of Kashmir.
Moreover India is continuously humiliating and violating The Tashkent Agreement held in 1966 and the Shimla Pact held in 1972 as these agreements between Pakistan and India are the sequels of efforts for a justified resolution of Kashmir dispute.
Article by: Muhammad Aslam Nadeem
CDC Team of Pakistan